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Monday, December 05, 2005

The Mara Salvatrucha (Translated from Spanish)
She is the greater gang of El Salvador, agglutinates approximately to 70% of all the gang members of the country. It has very certain own characteristics. It was created in California by Salvadoran emigrants, like answer to the already existing gangs. The name of Mara Salvatrucha: The word "mara", is used in El Salvador with the meaning of rebellious people. "Safe", of Salvadoran. And finally, "trout", comes to mean ready or espabilado. In the zone of Los Angeles, the Mara Salvatrucha adopted number 13, since this zone is controlled by the Mexican Mafia, or 13. San Francisco is territory of Our Family, or the 14, for that reason in the north of California the MS took number 14. As much the Mexican Mafia as Our Family, is organizations whom they control to all the Latin gangs from the jails of his respective territories. So the Mara Salvatrucha is divided in two, MS 13 in the south of California, and MS 14 in the north. Members of MS 13 during a riot in a Salvadoran penitentiary center. When finalizing the Salvadoran civil war, the judges of the zone of Los Angeles begin to deport to gang members from return to El Salvador. Of this form, MS 13 settles with force in the country, whereas the presence of MS 14 is minimum. Along with MS 13, also arrives at El Salvador Street 18, the most powerful gang of Los Angeles. The war which they maintained these gangs in the streets of Los Angeles, translada immediately to El Salvador. The confrontations between members of the same gang are very common. In order to enter MS 13, the aspiring to gang member must "be jumped", the brincamiento consists of fighting with three members of the gang, during 13 seconds, and holding with value. In case that the future gang member is of complexión very hard, he will have to fight against five. The important thing is that it suffers during the fight, thus to demonstrate its value. It is not obligatory to tattoo, but the immense majority of the gang members is it, with allusive tattoos to the property to the gang. In some cases the tattoos become in very visible places, like the face or the forehead. This must to that the gang member is proud of his property to the gang.
Each clica of the Mara Salvatrucha has its own territory. This territory is signalized with painted allusive in the walls, normally these painted make reference to the Mara Salvatrucha, the clica, the died gang members, and in general to aesthetic the typical gang member. The gang members of each clica worry to maintain these graffittis, or placazos, avoiding that the rival gang members soil them. When a clica obtains that their "placazos" are clean in their district, it considers itself that he is strong.


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